This summer I've been immersed in the Jacob Narratives (Genesis 25-35), translating them from Hebrew to English and reading them over and over again. Each time I read them more things stand out to me. The author did such a beautiful job of arranging and telling these stories! There is so much that could be said about Jacob, but here are some big things that stood out to me:
Jacob's name means 'heel-grabber', a designation which applies to him both literally and figuratively. Not only did he grab his twin brother Esau's heel as he was born, but he continued to claw his way to the top into adulthood. We're told he deceived his brother twice, once for his birthright (Hebrew: 'becorah') and once for his blessing (Hebrew: 'beracah'). Jacob's deception was so well-known that 'heel-grabbing' became another word for deception.
But being a heel-grabber is not all it's cracked up to be. Jacob reaps what he sows. Fleeing for his life from his angry brother, Esau, Jacob ends up in Haran, at the home of his future father-in-law, who arguably beats Jacob at his own game. After working for Laban for 7 years to win the hand of Rachel, Laban's younger daughter, Jacob wakes up the morning after his wedding to find he has been duped. Just as Jacob tricked his blind father out of his older brother's blessing, so Jacob has been tricked under cover of darkness by his intended bride's older sister. The chickens have come home to roost. In a scene dripping with irony, Jacob asks Laban, "'What is this you have done to me? Was it not for Rachel that I served with you? Why then have you deceived me?' But Laban said [using the same words to describe his daughters that have been used to describe Jacob and Esau], 'It is not the practice in our place to marry off the younger before the firstborn.'" Jacob is stuck. How can he argue against this? It is also not an acceptable practice to give the birthright and the blessing to the younger son!
Fourteen years later, his relationship with Laban is so strained that again he flees, this time homeward. As he nears home, again under the cover of darkness, he wrestles all night with a man whose identity is unknown to him. As the dawn breaks Jacob grabs the man (he's good at this!) and begs for a blessing (have we read this before?). The stranger asks Jacob, "What is your name?" This question we have also heard before, in the darkened tent of Isaac, who suspected that someone was impersonating his firstborn, Esau. This time Jacob passes the test and owns up to his own identity: "Jacob." In this moment of truth the man declares a new name for Jacob; he will now be called Israel. In his weakness and admission of the truth he finds his greatest blessing. Jacob has now heard enough to know who this man is, and he calls that place Peniel, which means 'Face of God'. Jacob has encountered God himself and been changed.
All through his story two threads are woven together. The first is Jacob's own striving, his heel-grabbing. He is constantly trying to get things to work out in his favor. But quietly beneath this another theme shows itself consistently: God's purpose to bless Jacob, the heel-grabber. Jacob doesn't deserve it. He's difficult to live with and too often relies on his own strength. In spite of this God continues to reaffirm his promise to be with Jacob, to bless him and make him the father of many nations.
During the night of his wrestling match Jacob had finally hit bottom. He is terrified of meeting his brother Esau again, afraid of the hatred and revenge he expects to find. He prays fervently for God's favor. Then he prepares an enormous gift, 550 animals, for his brother, hoping to appease his anger. He bows down to him and treats him like a king (exactly the opposite of what had been prophesied of them!), begging Esau to accept back the blessing that was rightfully his. Esau accepts, and they are reconciled.
As a reader it's exhausting to follow Jacob's life of striving, deception, and anxiety. He is always trying to get things to work out right for himself, trying to cover his own back, when all along God is there, ready to bless him if he will just own his sin and admit his need. Are we any different today?
If you've never read Jacob's story before, or if it's been awhile, I encourage you to do it. It will take less than an hour, and you will be struck by what a remarkable story it is. True stories are the most inspiring of all. If God can bless and use Jacob, then he can use anybody!
Saturday, August 14, 2010
a (heel-) grabbing story
Dr. Carmen Imes is the Associate Professor of Old Testament at Prairie College in Three Hills, Alberta, and serves the broader church through teaching, speaking, and writing. She earned a PhD in Biblical Theology (Old Testament) from Wheaton College under Dr. Daniel Block, an MA in Biblical Studies from Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary (Charlotte), and a BA in Bible and Theology from Multnomah University. She and her husband, Danny, served as missionaries with SIM 15 years. They have three children: Ana, Emma, and Easton.